The Central is primarily in the central mountainous terrain of Sri Lanka. The’s capital is Kandy.
The climate is cool, and many areas above 1,500 metres often have chilly nights. The temperatures range from 24°C at Kandy to just 16°C in Nuwara Eliya, which is 1,889 m above sea level. The has an area of 5,674 km² and a population of 2,421,148. Major towns include Kandy, Matale, Dambulla, Gampola, Nuwara Eliya and Hatton.The is famous for its production Ceylon tea. The Central attracts many tourists, with hill station towns such as Gampola, Hatton and Nuwara Eliya.
Another province of Sri Lanka mostly known for its golden beaches and the natural harbor, the Eastern which is 9,996 km2 in extent consists of three administrative districts namely Trincomalee, Batticaloa and Ampara.
Between 1988 and 2006 the was temporarily merged with the Northern to form the North-East.
The Eastern Province is endowed with a wide variety of attractions for both foreign and domestic tourists and they can be classified into three broad categories, namely natural attractions, socio-cultural attractions and man-made attractions.
Southern is the 7th largest by area and is home to 2.5 million people, the 3rd most populated.
The Southern is a small geographic area consisting of the districts of Galle, Matara and Hambantota. Subsistence farming and fishing is the main source of income for the vast majority of the people of this region. Important landmarks of the Southern include the wildlife sanctuaries of the Yala and Udawalawe National Parks.
Ussangoda in Ambalantota is a panoramic view of the beach and the sea, and the holy city of Kataragama, and the ancient cities of Tissamaharama, Kirinda and Galle.
The Northern is located in the north of Sri Lanka just 35 km from India. It has a land area of 8,884 km’. The is surrounded by the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay to the west, Palk Strait to the north west, the Bay of Bengal to the north and east and the Eastern, North Central and North Westerns to the south. Sri Lanka enjoys a typical tropical monsoonal climate. The Northern tends to be hot and dry in the dry season (February to September), and moderately cool and wet in the wet season (October to January). The capital of the is Jaffna.
The Western is the first level administrative division of the country.
The is the most densely populated of Sri Lanka and is home to the legislative capital Sri Jayawardenepura. It is also the nation’s administrative and business center.
Western is located in the south west of Sri Lanka. It has an area of 3,684 square kilometres (1,422 sq mi).
The is surrounded by the Laccadive Sea to the west, North Western to the north, Sabaragamuwa to the east and the Southern to the south.
North Western is comprised of two administrative districts viz. Kurunegala and Puttalam.
The provincial capital is Kurunegala that has a population of 28,571. The is well known for its coconut plantations. Other main towns in this are Chilaw and Puttalam both of which are small fishing towns. The climate of North Western is tropical, with a marked dry season, and temperatures averaging between
20 °C in January to 25 °C in March. This Province is a treasure house of archaeology.
The largest of Sri Lanka, located in the dry zone, the North Central that consists of two administrative districts viz.
The 400ft Dagabas as tall as the pyramids and the remains of ruined cities, large man made lakes of a great highly advanced civilization older than the recorded history at Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa.
Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa, is known for its centuries-old irrigated agriculture, ancient Sinhalese kingdoms and places of Buddhist worship such as Sri Maha Bodhi, Ruwanweliseya. The is not densely populated, and it has a weak economy as the land tends to be dry tropical woodlands.
The Uva consists of two districts: Badulla and Moneragala. Uva’s symbolic mountain is Namunukula which stands tallest of the mountain range surrounding the Badulla town.
Its major tourist attractions are Dunhinda falls, Diyaluma Falls, Rawana Falls, the Yala National Park (lying partly in the Southern and Easterns) and Gal Oya National Park (lying partly in the Eastern).
The Gal Oya hills and the Central mountains are the main uplands, while the Mahaweli and Menik rivers and the huge Senanayake Samudraya and Maduru Oya Reservoirs are the major waterways.
Sabargamuwa is named after its former indigenous inhabitants, namely the Sabara, an indic term for hunter-gatherer tribes, a term seldom used in ancient Sri Lanka.This is located in the south-central region of the island and is comprised of two administrative districts: Ratnapura and Kegalle. The is well known for its gem industry, particularly the Ratnapura District. At an elevation of approximately 500 feet above sea level, Ratnapura is the provincial capital of Sabargamuwa. It is 60 miles (100 km) from the city of Colombo. In addition to the breathtaking scenery Sabaragamuwa is also known for its cultural activities.